Second Avenue

From Pittsburgh Streets
For other streets that have been named Second Avenue, see Second Avenue (disambiguation).
Second Avenue
Neighborhoods Bluff, Central Business District, Hazelwood, South Oakland
Origin of name Sequential numbering from the Monongahela River (downtown)
Second Street (1764–1868)
Origin of name Sequential numbering from the Monongahela River

The segment of Second Avenue between Stanwix Street and Market Street was one of the very first streets of Pittsburgh; it was named Second Street in John Campbell's "military plan" of 1764. The other streets in Campbell's plan were Water Street (today Fort Pitt Boulevard), First Street (today First Avenue), Third Street (today Third Avenue), Ferry Street (today Stanwix Street), Chancery Lane (today Chancery Way), and Market Street.[1][2][3] When George Woods laid out the town of Pittsburgh twenty years later, Campbell's plan was incorporated without change, including its streets and peculiarly small lots.[2][3]:487–488[4] The street was renamed Second Avenue by a city ordinance in 1868, which transferred the name Second Street to a minor street previously known as Duquesne Street and later (confusingly) renamed First Street.[5]

The Boulevard of the Allies was opened in 1922 from the intersection of Second Avenue and Grant Street to Craft Avenue in Oakland. The portion of Second Avenue downtown, between Liberty Avenue and Grant Street, was made part of the Boulevard of the Allies by a city ordinance in 1927.[6]

The block of Second Avenue between Ross Street and Grant Street, north of the Boulevard of the Allies, was renamed Court Place in 1984.[7][8][9]

See also


  1. John Campbell. Plan of Lots in Pittsburgh—1764. 1764. Reproduced in William G. Johnston, Life and Reminiscences from Birth to Manhood of Wm. G. Johnston, Knickerbocker Press, New York, 1901 (Google Books N-QEAAAAYAAJ; Historic Pittsburgh 00adj9508m; Internet Archive lifereminiscence00john); in George T. Fleming, "Flem's" Views of Old Pittsburgh: A portfolio of the past precious with memories, p. 5, Geo. T. Fleming, Pittsburgh, 1905 (HathiTrust 011204797, 100770599; Historic Pittsburgh 31735056290277; Internet Archive flemsviewsofoldp00flem; LCCN 08028848); in George T. Fleming, "History told in Pittsburgh street names: Some commemorative designations have been lost, but others are still in use to recall the story of their selection: Haphazard municipal nomenclature," Pittsburgh Gazette Times, Nov. 29, 1914, sec. 5, p. 2 ( 85906737); in George T. Fleming, "History from an old map: Masson's map of Pittsburgh, 1805, further considered—Campbell's plan of 1764, Woods and Vickroy's complete plan of 1784—the old military plan unwillingly retained—Vickroy's deposition quoted: Pioneer names enumerated as lot owners; Historic characters recalled by names on Masson's plan—explanation of numbering of lots and some mention of freeholders—Imlay's topographical description of 1793," Pittsburgh Gazette Times, July 16, 1922, sec. 2, p. 2 ( 85913850); in George T. Fleming, Fleming's Views of Old Pittsburgh: A portfolio of the past, p. 10, Crescent Press, Pittsburgh, 1932; in George Swetnam, "Ferry Street historic, one of oldest in city: Backward switch gives recognition to man undeserving of honor," Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 25, 1954, p. 16 ( 149015965); in Bruce J. Buvinger, The Origin, Development and Persistence of Street Patterns in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, p. 21; and in Bob Regan, The Names of Pittsburgh: How the city, neighborhoods, streets, parks and more got their names, p. 57, The Local History Company, Pittsburgh, 2009, ISBN 978-0-9770429-7-5. This map is often called the "military plan of Pittsburgh." [view source]campbell
  2. 2.0 2.1 Neville B. Craig. The History of Pittsburgh: With a brief notice of its facilities of communication, and other advantages for commercial and manufacturing purposes. John H. Mellor, Pittsburgh, 1851. Google Books cE0OAAAAIAAJ; HathiTrust 001263103; Historic Pittsburgh 00aee7261m, 31735056285699; Internet Archive historyofpittsbu00crai. [view source]craig
  3. 3.0 3.1 History of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: Including its early settlement and progress to the present time; a description of its historic and interesting localities; its cities, towns and villages; religious, educational, social and military history; mining, manufacturing and commercial interests; improvements, resources, statistics, etc.: Also portraits of some of its prominent men, and biographies of many of its representative citizens. A. Warner & Co., Chicago, 1889. Google Books DwzYAAAAMAAJ; Internet Archive historyofalleghe1889cush. [view source]history-of-allegheny-county
  4. George Woods. A Draught of the Town Plat of Pittsburgh, Surveyed for John Penn, Jr., and John Penn, by George Woods, May 31st 1784. 1784. Reproduced as "Original plan of Pittsburgh" in plate 19 of Atlas of the Cities of Pittsburgh, Allegheny, and the Adjoining Boroughs, G. M. Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, 1872 (Historic Pittsburgh 1872p019). [view source]woods-plat
  5. "An ordinance changing the names of streets." Pittsburgh city ordinance, 1868. Passed Aug. 31, 1868. In The Municipal Record: Containing the proceedings of the Select and Common Councils of the City of Pittsburgh: 1868, Pittsburgh Daily Commercial, Pittsburgh (Internet Archive pghmunicipalrecord1868_20200904_2014). Reprinted in the Pittsburgh Gazette, Sept. 2, 1868, p. 5 ( 86347563), Sept. 3, p. 3 ( 86347623), and Sept. 4, p. 3 ( 86347714). [view source]ordinance-1868-name-changes
  6. "An ordinance changing the names of certain avenues, streets, lanes, alleys and ways in the City of Pittsburgh." Pittsburgh city ordinance, 1927, no. 205. Passed Mar. 21, 1927; approved Mar. 26, 1927. Ordinance Book 38, p. 408. In Municipal Record: Minutes of the proceedings of the Council of the City of Pittsburgh: For the year 1927, appendix, p. 186, Smith Bros. Co. Inc., Pittsburgh (Google Books cZfgUddPQR0C; HathiTrust uiug.30112109819802; Internet Archive Pghmunicipalrecord1927). Reprinted in the Pittsburgh Post, Apr. 1, 1927, p. 18 ( 88713906), and Apr. 2, p. 18 ( 88713926). [view source]ordinance-1927-205
  7. "Court Place on Downtown map." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct. 8, 1985, p. 14. 88181640. [view source]court-place-on-downtown-map
  8. Al Donalson. "Signing in: Names of city streets reflect colorful history." Pittsburgh Press, Mar. 19, 1985, p. A7. 146595524. [view source]donalson
  9. "Return of Court Place." Pittsburgh Press, June 9, 1985, p. K1. 146614845. [view source]return-of-court-place