South First Street

From Pittsburgh Streets
South First Street
Neighborhood South Shore
Origin of name Sequential numbering up the Monongahela River
First Street (until 1881)
Origin of name Sequential numbering up the Monongahela River

This street appears as First Street in the 1852 map of R. E. McGowin in the easternmost part of the borough of South Pittsburgh.[1] These original numbered streets along the south bank of the Monongahela River, First through Fifth Streets, were the seed of the sequence of numbered streets that today runs from South First Street to South 33rd Street (and formerly as far as South 36th Street).

First through Fifth Streets were laid out between 1835 and 1845, probably in the first half of the 1840s. These streets do not appear in the 1835 map of Lewis Keyon, which labels this tract of land "Ormsby"[2] (meaning the heirs of Oliver Ormsby, 1767–1832, one of the sons of John Ormsby; see Ormsby Street for more information). Fourth Street appears at the edge of a plan of lots laid out in April 1845,[3] and First, Second, and Third Streets appear at the edge of a plan of lots laid out in November of that year.[4] Samuel Fahnestock's 1850 Pittsburgh directory includes "Millinger [sic] James, planing mill, c[orner] First & Carson, Bir."[5] This was the Monongahela Planing Mill, which was established in 1847[6] and appears in McGowin's 1852 map.[1]

The borough of South Pittsburgh was incorporated on March 6, 1848; it included First through Fifth Streets.[7] The borough of Birmingham was directly to the east of South Pittsburgh, and in 1869 the Birmingham borough council numbered their streets from Sixth to Seventeenth, continuing the pattern.[8] The streets in East Birmingham were numbered Seventeenth through Twenty-Seventh by 1871.[9] Also in 1871 the borough of Ormsby was laid out, extending the sequence as far as Thirty-Sixth.[10][11][12]

Ken McFarland says that these streets were numbered in order to eliminate duplicate street names after the South Side boroughs were annexed by Pittsburgh,[13] but he is mistaken: they were actually numbered a few years before the annexation. (And First through Fifth had been numbered decades earlier.)

The South Side boroughs were incorporated into the City of Pittsburgh in 1872.[14][15] In May 1873, City Councils appointed a committee for changing street names to fix duplicates.[16]:43,50 The committee presented its report at the last Council meeting of the year, December 29, 1873: they found there were 128 duplicated street names, not counting alleys.[16]:129 The committee also proposed an ordinance renaming streets, which included adding the prefix "South" to the numbered streets in the South Side to distinguish them from the ones in the old city.[16]:129[12][17]

But the new year brought new Councils, and the work of 1873 seems to have been mostly forgotten. Another committee was formed to continue the work,[18]:15,43 but apparently nothing was achieved.

In the meantime, South Side streets were distinguished by saying "South Side" afterward, as in "Thirteenth Street, South Side."

The "South" prefix was finally added to the numbered South Side streets (and duplicate names fixed) by an ordinance in 1881, which established the names of all streets in the city.[19] This ordinance does not directly indicate that it is changing the names of the numbered South Side streets, but evidence demonstrates that it did: J. F. Diffenbacher's 1881 directory (presumably published before the ordinance was passed) lists the South Side streets without the "South" prefix,[20] and the old practice of saying, for example, "Twenty-Fifth Street, South Side," continued in City Councils right up to the final passage of the 1881 ordinance.[21]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 R. E. McGowin. Map of the Cities of Pittsburgh and Allegheny and of the Boroughs of South-Pittsburgh, Birmingham, East-Birmingham, Lawrenceville, Duquesne & Manchester etc. Schuchman & Haunlein, Pittsburgh, 1852. https://collections.lib.uwm.edu/digital/collection/agdm/id/32269/. [view source]mcgowin-1852
  2. Lewis Keyon. Map of Pittsburgh and Its Environs. Johnston & Stockton, Pittsburgh, 1835. Historic Pittsburgh DARMAP0577; 1835 layer at Pittsburgh Historic Maps (https://esriurl.com/pittsburgh). [view source]keyon
  3. "Plan of Lots Situated on the South Side of the Monongahela River: Being a part of the Coal Hill Lots Tract in the plan of the Manor of Pittsburgh, now 17th & 18th Wds., laid off for C. Ihmsen." Laid out Apr. 16, 1845; recorded Aug. 31, 1847, Plan Book 1, p. 122. Allegheny County Recorder of Deeds 3778222. [view source]ihmsen-coal-hill-lots-plan
  4. "Plan of Building Lots Situated on Carson Street and Brownsville Turnpike Road Near the Southern End of the Monongahela River Bridge: Being a part of the Coal Hill Lots Tract in the Manor of Pittsburgh, now 17th & 18th Wards, laid off for the heirs of Sidney Gregg at the request of O. O. Gregg." Laid out Nov. 7, 1845; recorded Oct. 5, 1846, Plan Book 1, p. 111. Allegheny County Recorder of Deeds 3778212. [view source]gregg-coal-hill-lots-plan
  5. Samuel Fahnestock. Fahnestock's Pittsburgh Directory for 1850: Containing the names of the inhabitants of Pittsburgh, Allegheny, & vicinity, their occupation, places of business and dwelling houses; also, a list of the public offices, banks, &c. Geo. Parkin & Co., Pittsburgh, 1850, p. 69. Historic Pittsburgh 31735055723096; Internet Archive fahnestockspitts00unse; LCCN ltf91000003. [view source]fahnestock
  6. "Another borough: Monongahela Planing Mill, &c." Daily Morning Post (Pittsburgh), Dec. 4, 1847, [p. 2]. Newspapers.com 88168811. [view source]another-borough
  7. Laws of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Passed at the session of 1848: In the seventy-second year of independence: With an appendix, pp. 106–108. J. M. G. Lescure, Harrisburg, 1848. Internet Archive lawsofgeneralass1848penn. [view source]laws-pa-1848
  8. "Birmingham Council." Daily Post (Pittsburgh), Mar. 3, 1869, [p. 1]. Newspapers.com 86522458. [view source]birmingham-council
  9. H. Boone. Directory of Pittsburgh & Allegheny Cities, the Adjacent Boroughs, and Parts of the Adjacent Townships, for 1871–72. Geo. H. Thurston, Pittsburgh, 1871, p. 41. Historic Pittsburgh 31735033431283. [view source]boone-1871
  10. "Ormsby Borough." Laid out Mar. 1871; recorded Apr. 13, 1872, Plan Book 4, pp. 204–205. Allegheny County Recorder of Deeds 3778970. [view source]ormsby-borough-plan
  11. Atlas of the Cities of Pittsburgh, Allegheny, and the Adjoining Boroughs, p. 114. G. M. Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, 1872. http://historicpittsburgh.org/maps-hopkins/1872-atlas-pittsburgh-allegheny; 1872 layer at Pittsburgh Historic Maps (https://esriurl.com/pittsburgh). [view source]hopkins-1872
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Street nomenclature: The changes proposed by the committee." Pittsburgh Commercial, Dec. 30, 1873, [p. 4]. Newspapers.com 85549642. [view source]street-nomenclature
  13. Ken McFarland. "What's in a name?" Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, vol. 68, no. 3, July 1985, p. 276. https://journals.psu.edu/wph/article/view/3967. [view source]mcfarland
  14. History of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: Including its early settlement and progress to the present time; a description of its historic and interesting localities; its cities, towns and villages; religious, educational, social and military history; mining, manufacturing and commercial interests; improvements, resources, statistics, etc.: Also portraits of some of its prominent men, and biographies of many of its representative citizens, part I, p. 626. A. Warner & Co., Chicago, 1889. Google Books DwzYAAAAMAAJ; Internet Archive historyofalleghe1889cush. [view source]history-of-allegheny-county
  15. Bob Regan. The Names of Pittsburgh: How the city, neighborhoods, streets, parks and more got their names, p. 11. The Local History Company, Pittsburgh, 2009, ISBN 978-0-9770429-7-5. [view source]regan
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 The Municipal Record: Containing the proceedings of the Select and Common Councils of the City of Pittsburgh, together with the ordinances, &c.: With an index, vol. V. Pittsburgh Daily Gazette, Pittsburgh, 1873. Internet Archive pghmunicipalrecord1872. [view source]municipal-record-1873
  17. "Notice—the following ordinances relative to Street Improvements is [sic] published for information, in accordance with the provisions of Section 6 of an Act of Assembly, entitled 'a further Supplement to an act entitled an act concerning Streets and Sewers in the City of Pittsburgh,' approved March 20th, 1873." Pittsburgh Gazette, Jan. 5, 1874, [p. 4]. Newspapers.com 86344686. [view source]ordinances-relative-to-street-improvements
  18. The Municipal Record: Containing the proceedings of the Select and Common Councils of the City of Pittsburgh, together with the ordinances, &c.: With an index, vol. VII. Pittsburgh Daily Gazette, Pittsburgh, 1874. Internet Archive pghmunicipalrecord1874, pghmunicipalrecord1872. [view source]municipal-record-1874
  19. "An ordinance establishing the names of avenues, streets, lanes and alleys of the City of Pittsburgh." Pittsburgh city ordinance, 1881, no. 33. Passed Feb. 28, 1881; approved Mar. 4, 1881. Ordinance Book 5, p. 212. In Municipal Record: Minutes of the proceedings of the Select and Common Councils of the City of Pittsburgh, for the year 1880, pp. 213–234 (Internet Archive pghmunicipalrecord1880). [view source]ordinance-1881-33
  20. J. F. Diffenbacher. J. F. Diffenbacher's Directory of Pittsburgh and Allegheny Cities, 1881–82: Embracing a general directory of residences of citizens, full classified business directory, register of public institutions, benevolent societies and city government; directory of the streets, secret societies, schools and churches. Diffenbacher & Thurston, Pittsburgh, 1881, pp. 36–42. Historic Pittsburgh 31735038317693. [view source]diffenbacher-1881
  21. Municipal Record: Minutes of the proceedings of the Select and Common Councils of the City of Pittsburgh, for the year 1880, p. 170. Internet Archive pghmunicipalrecord1880. [view source]municipal-record-1880